What is an Orthopedic Surgeon
A local orthopedic surgeon can treat a variety of orthopedic injuries, often with advice from your family doctor. From rheumatoid arthritis to pelvic malalignment syndrome, there are many conditions that affect your body’s musculoskeletal system, which involves the muscles, ligaments and joints. Orthopedic doctors work in hospitals and specialized practices.
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What do Orthopedic Surgeons treat.
What Conditions Do Local Orthopedic Doctors Treat?
Orthopedic physicians specialize in diagnosing and treating orthopedic conditions and injuries such as:
Ankle injuries: While ankle pain can result from a large number of ankle and foot injuries, the most common ankle injuries are ankle sprains (low and high ankle), which involve ligaments and bones in the ankle. Ankle injuries are very common, whether it’s rolling your ankle while stepping off a curb or twisting it during a game of soccer.
De Quervain’s tenosynovitis: Also called “cell phone thumb,” this painful condition affects the tendons on the thumb side of the wrist. De Quervain’s tenosynovitis gets worse as you use the thumb and hand.
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS): Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common condition that causes pain, numbness, and tingling in the hand and arm. The condition occurs when one of the major nerves to the hand — the median nerve — is squeezed or compressed as it travels through the wrist. Some women experience carpal tunnel syndrome after pregnancy.
Patella dislocation: This is a dislocation of the kneecap. Patella dislocation actually involves the kneecap, femur, and tibia. When the kneecap is dislocated, the tibia and femur no longer connect at your knee joint.
Dupuytren’s disease: This is a condition in which one or more fingers bend inwards. Dupuytren’s disease occurs when fibrous connective tissue between the tendons of the finger develops, causing the fingers to bend towards the palm.
Ganglion cyst: While noncancerous, these fluid-filled lumps develop along the joints or tendons of the wrists or hands. Ganglion cysts can be painful if they put pressure on nearby nerves.
Hip bursitis: Bursae are fluid-filled sacs that cushion the ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Bursitis occurs when these bursae swell. Hip bursitis is a painful condition that can be acute or chronic.
Shoulder injuries: Shoulder injuries such as shoulder dislocation are frequently caused by athletic activities that involve excessive, repetitive, overhead motion, such as swimming, tennis, football, and pitching. A large percentage of shoulder injuries are rotator cuff tears. If you have a shoulder injury, arthroscopic shoulder surgery may be a good option for you. During arthroscopic surgery, the local orthopedic surgeon will use a thin tool with a camera lens and a light to diagnose and treat joint problems. If you have shoulder injuries, shoulder exercises and stretching can be beneficial to help you recover from surgery and regain mobility and strength.
Sports injuries: From ankle injuries to stress fractures in athletes, there are so many different sports injuries. For example, because badminton is a low-impact sport, badminton injuries are less common than in other sports. They can be acute injuries such as ankle sprains, or overuse injuries such as impingement syndrome. However, because hockey is a high-impact sport, common hockey injuries include concussions and MCL tears. MCL knee injuries commonly occur because players are twisting, bending, and suddenly changing direction.
Treatments a Local Orthopedic Surgeon Offers
Many orthopedic injuries can be treated by an orthopedic surgeon with advice from your family physician. Orthopedic conditions may be caused by overuse, chronic pain, genetics, or a sudden injury, like a broken bone or a dislocated hip. Some orthopedic conditions can’t be cured, while others can be treated to reduce pain and improve mobility. The orthopedic treatment your local orthopedic surgeon recommends will depend on your condition. Some common treatments for orthopedic conditions include cortisone injections, platelet rich plasma (PRP), injury rehabilitation, and bracing.
Hip Replacement & Knee Replacement Surgery
Orthopedic surgeons often perform hip replacement and knee replacement surgeries due to arthritis conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis. During hip or knee replacement surgery, the surgeon removes the painful joint and replaces it with an artificial joint made from plastic, ceramic and/or metal. If you are undergoing surgery because of arthritis, you may also work with a local rheumatologist.
Typically, a knee replacement or hip replacement surgery is done when other arthritis treatments don’t work. At this point, patients have noticed their pain has gradually gotten worse, even when they’re resting or sleeping.
Lifestyle Changes for Orthopedic Conditions
In addition to working with a local orthopedic surgeon, patients can benefit from making healthy lifestyle changes, including:
- Eating nutritious foods to maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight or obese can put strain on the joints.
- Getting regular exercise to stay mobile and strengthen muscles. You may benefit from working with a local personal trainer to develop a safe exercise plan.
- Focusing on mental health. Living with a chronic condition or undergoing surgery can be stressful and can also affect your physical health. If you are feeling overwhelmed, consider talking to a local psychologist or local psychiatrist.
If you have questions about how a local orthopedic surgeon might help you manage your orthopedic condition, talk to your local physician.
Local Practitioners: Orthopaedic Surgeon